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Master thesis

« Ces images qui nous mentent ! »

Olivier Zattoni
Abstract : This work deals with the falsification of images throughout its manifestations, from a biological point of view with mimicry phenomenon to a cultural one with controversies linked to images produced by man since antiquity, considering the mimetic relationships they maintain with reality. The research, thanks to works from different domains, from biology to philosophy, is guided by four approaches. First, a naturalistic and ethologic tend to underline the complexity of mimicry and the presence of an economy of lie in the animal world. Then, both athropological and aesthetical approaches permit to develop the concept of mimèsis, and reveal potentials of reappropriation of the model that will guide the singular picture faking and further forgery. An historical approach replaces those different steps in their philosophical and religious contexts, from faking of Renaissance painters to photomontages in ex-USSR, where thoses processes served the power. Are also evocated in particular icons, Baroque scenography, and cinematographic trick of filmmaker Georges Méliès. Finally the question of the manipulations of images in the digital era is asked : globalized and dematerialized, the new images have acquired a remarkable plasticity, and the manipulations permitted by image editing softwares are, for the easiests, accessible to the greatest number, thanks to the generalisation of computers, taking part to a democratization process. If image traffic is secular, it's hard to consider today a true image, when the production of fake is growing particulary in movie industry, where special effects are perpetuating the heritage of traditional photomontage techniques (thanks to CG graphics). From this research rise some interrogations : Can we consider image without considering its lying power? Can we say that every image is fundamentally faked? Can it separate itself from the mimetic link it entertains with reality, being condemned to similarity and imitation? Is a non-mimetic image possible?
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Master thesis
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https://memsic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/mem_00000484
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 14, 2007 - 2:28:20 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 14, 2007 - 2:28:20 PM
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Olivier Zattoni. « Ces images qui nous mentent ! ». domain_shs.info.cine. 2007. ⟨mem_00000484⟩

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