Comment s'esquisse le passage de la démocratisation culturelle à la démocratie culturelle

Abstract : Introduction My research has tent to maintain that there has been a transition from democratization of culture to cultural democracy, concerning the development of the French cultural policy. This demonstration deserves that we consider this cultural mediation's evolution from year 1959, at the time that the first cultural ministry of the world was created in France. The purpose of that study was to emphasize the fact that the politicization of culture has point out the need of an unavoidable dialog that must be engaged between the people and the state about cultures. Therefore, it is actually an approach that aims at arguing about the different political ways of mediatising (cultures), notably and according to our subject, high and popular cultures. Methodology With the help of a corpus of oral statements and historical facts, I had the will to criticize the government's ideology and actions related to the mediation culture. In order to highlights these state-controlled interventions in the cultural and public domain, the analysis is multidisciplinary; using (well grounded) sociological, political, historical and of course communication files. The hypotheses that guided my study are numerous. For example, when democratization of culture starts and ends? How the transition from democratization to cultural democracy is outlined? How is the public considered by the state? What are the dangers of democratization of culture? What are the benefits of cultural democracy? Results A preliminary analysis of the data has revealed the following. The first model, democratization of culture, has failed in his goal to open to the public what is called “high culture”. The work of Pierre Bourdieu, rooted in the Mai 68 movement, explains the failure of the heritage of that platonic judgment on art. Symbolical and sociological barriers limit everyone's access to this culture. And this is the capital point when the transition appears, the cultural ministry of André Malraux turns into Jacques Duhamel's one and so emerges the “Cultural Development” and so a new model of mediatising culture but also the age of “living culture” in opposition with the culture of the past. That is where the changes appear in the state policy. Hence it is more legitimate nowadays to qualify the study of cultural policies by considering two paradigms. The first one is the democratization of high culture and the second one is culture at the age of democracy, which means the expression of everyone through all cultural practices, in anthropological terms. Discussion The problem of the transition doesn't admit of an easy solution. The two models co-exist. Sharing the ideology of cultural policies in two camps. Conservatives and modernists are discussing about the right way of diffusing culture however culture is not only goods but the expression of self. The liberal or American cultural policies have chosen culture as an economic good whereas in France the cultural exception is appropriate. Nevertheless, democratization of culture has only been realised by television and cultural industries. And cultural democracy is still rather utopian, just like the democratization was. So, a discussion about how far a cultural policy can explain and develop the major role of the three actors that are the state, the people and cultures would be interesting.
Document type :
Master thesis
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https://memsic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/mem_00000480
Contributor : Jean-Philippe Dupuy <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 8, 2007 - 8:17:44 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 8, 2007 - 8:17:44 PM
Long-term archiving on : Tuesday, October 9, 2012 - 2:31:26 PM

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Jean-Philippe Dupuy. Comment s'esquisse le passage de la démocratisation culturelle à la démocratie culturelle. domain_shs.info.autr. 2007. ⟨mem_00000480⟩

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