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La protection des données de lecture des livres numériques en bibliothèques aux Etats-Unis et en France: étude comparative de la perception des bibliothécaires

Abstract : What are the most read e-books? What are the most searched topics in a digital encyclopedia? After how many pages do readers decide to buy/borrow or abandon the selected item? All these questions can now be answered, based on accurate numbers and figures. Through their e-book offers and e-reading devices lending programs, libraries confront their users to this environment and thus, indirectly, to the e-book reading data exploitation practices. However, isn’t it the libraries’ role to enable readers to anonymously have access to all types of information, without fear of being judged or watched? Couldn’t this role be threatened by the e-book reading data collection and exploitation practices? To try to bring an answer to these questions, this paper tackles the e-book reading data protection issue from the library point of view. In this matter, a definition of the e-book reading data and a description of their characteristics will first be provided. The dangers, but also the opportunities that the reading data collection and exploitation practices by commercial publishers, aggregators, governments and libraries represent, as well as their implications on the library readers’ privacy will then be analyzed. A contextual study about the French and American e-book markets will also be carried out, focusing on four topics: the e-book market as a whole and the e-reading practices; the landscape of digital books in libraries; the internet users’ point of view concerning their data protection on the web; as well as the legal aspects related to data and privacy protection. For both countries, the various actions already undertaken by governments, professional associations and librarians to fight against the e-book reading data collection will also be described. To identify the librarians’ awareness and perception about this topic, the results of a comparative quantitative survey, that has been conducted among the French and American information professionals in the context of this research process, will be presented. Finally, the libraries’ role in the e-book reading data protection will be summarized, while practical recommendations will be proposed, aiming at guiding information professionals wishing to commit to protecting the anonymity e-book usage.
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https://memsic.ccsd.cnrs.fr/mem_01212626
Contributor : Estelle Beck <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 6, 2015 - 11:34:47 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 12, 2020 - 1:46:05 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 26, 2017 - 10:13:39 PM

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Estelle Beck. La protection des données de lecture des livres numériques en bibliothèques aux Etats-Unis et en France: étude comparative de la perception des bibliothécaires. domain_shs.info.docu. 2015. ⟨mem_01212626⟩

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